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Is Natural Gas Considered Renewable or Nonrenewable

By: Eric Huesca, SEO Content Writer

January 4, 2022

Natural gas is made by a process that happens on its own and takes hundreds of millions of years. It happens because the layers of dead plants and animals were exposed to a lot of heat and pressure from the earth and the rocks around them. Because of the heat, pressure, and eons of time that passed, the natural material changed into coal, petroleum, and natural gas. 

What is natural gas? Natural gas also includes small amounts of natural gas liquids, called hydrocarbon gas liquids, and gasses not made of hydrocarbons, like carbon dioxide and water vapor.

flames being shot into a hot air ballon to get it to start to flying

Flames are being shot into a hot air balloon to get it to start flying

The rest of the gas is made up of these gases that are not hydrocarbons. Natural gas is used not only as a fuel but also to make materials and chemicals.

In addition to drilling for oil, drilling for natural gas is also used to get natural gas out of the inside of the Earth. Natural gas can be turned into energy by first getting it out of the ground and mixing it with crude oil. We can use natural gas in our daily lives because of this process. 

Hydrocarbon gas has no smell or taste and burns quickly. Most of it is made up of methane and ethane. It could also have carbon dioxide, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen, helium, and argon, in addition to heavier hydrocarbons.  

Most of the time, it is found together with crude oil. Deep wells are dug into the ground to get to natural gas deposits. Once natural gas is taken out of the ground, though, almost all of it needs to be processed in some way before it can be used. Pipelines are used to move it when it is a natural gas, and tankers are used to move it after it has been cooled and turned into a liquid. 

How is Natural Gas Obtained?

 Is natural gas renewable? Natural gas is often found in rock formations thousands of feet below the surface of the Earth. Petroleum, sometimes called oil, is often found in the same places. People have been cooking with natural gas since the beginning of time. 

Over millions to hundreds of years, the remains of plants and animals, like diatoms, built up on the surface of the earth and the ocean floors, forming thick layers that were sometimes mixed with sand, silt, and calcium carbonate. This process happened over a long period of time. 

When putting natural gas into one of two main groups, conventional or unconventional, the source and location of the gas are considered. 

“Conventional” natural gas can often be found in the same oil reservoir deposits. You can get this natural gas by digging vertical wells and using standard pumping methods. Because natural gas is lighter than oil, it is often found floating on top of the oil or mixed in with it. 

Shale gas, tight gas sandstone, coalbed methane, and methane hydrates are some examples of unconventional natural gas resources that can be found worldwide. Even though it is hard to get to the natural gas resources buried deep in these rocks, new technological advances in this field have made it possible to get a lot of natural gas from these sources for a low price. It improves the natural gas price chart. 

Unconventional gas reservoirs can only get natural gas with special techniques like hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling. 

Over the course of geologic time, sand, silt, and rock have buried these layers. Because of the intense heat and pressure, some of this carbon- and hydrogen-rich material turned into coal, some into oil (petroleum), and some into natural gas. 

Related natural gas is the natural gas found in crude oil reserves. Gas can also be found on its own. In some places, there is natural gas on land, offshore, and deep under the water’s surface. Coalbed methane is a type of natural gas made up of methane found in coal beds. 

Types of Natural Gases

In short, there are four kinds of gases in the natural world. When the right amounts of the parts are put together, natural gas is made. The first four alkanes are methane, ethane, butane, and propane. Together, these four alkanes are called the “four natural gases.” 

Methane and ethane are two examples of saturated light paraffin. When exposed to the conditions of the atmosphere, both of these compounds turn into gases. Natural gas is a mix of hydrocarbons mostly made up of methane and carbon monoxide.  

Hydrocarbons, like propane, butane, methane, and ethane, could also be added to the mixture. Because of the higher pressures, even the heavier hydrocarbons found in natural gas reserves usually take the form of gas. 

1. Methane

More than 80% of natural gas is made up of non-hazardous methane, which is also the central part of natural gas. Its chemical formula is CH4, which shows that it is the most basic type of hydrocarbon molecule. When methane is burned, it releases gases that mix with other gases in the air to create a greenhouse effect. 

2. Ethane

Ethane is the only alkane that has only two carbon atoms. Its chemical formula is C2H6. Ethane is a part of natural gas that makes up between 1% and 6% of the total volume. This makes it the second-biggest fossil fuel component. Ethane is another greenhouse gas that has much less effect on the environment than methane. 

3. Propane

Propane is an alkane, and its chemical formula, C3H8, shows that it has three carbon atoms. There is also a minimal amount of propane in the natural gas mix, but it is there. Propane is less clean to burn than natural gas but much cleaner than gasoline. 

4. Butane

Butane is often thought to have no smell, but it has a very faint smell similar to that of natural gas or petroleum. Butane is a small part of natural gas, but it is better known for its use as a fuel in aerosol sprays, a cooling agent, and fuel for heating. It is also in cigarette lighters, blowtorches, and portable stoves. 

How is Natural gas Extracted?

Since natural gas was made, it has been millions or even hundreds of millions of years. Plants, animals, and diatoms that have died and broken down are the main things that make up their makeup. Under the surface of the earth, a thick layer of these creatures is mixed with sand and silt, and then it is heated and pressed very hard. 

Natural gas is found in rock formations below the surface, and drilling is used to get it. Recent improvements in hydraulic fracturing technology have made it possible to get a lot of natural gas out of shale. 

Many different ideas are out there about where fossil fuels came from. Scientists mostly agree that fossil fuels are made when organic matter is crushed under the earth for a long time under a lot of pressure. This type of methane is called thermogenic methane. The way thermogenic methane is made is similar to how oil is made in that it starts with organic particles covered in mud and other kinds of trash. 

Even though we are improving at using green energy, we can still use fossil fuels partially. Fossil fuels are the most common way that people get their energy. 

It’s important to say that fossil fuels aren’t the most dangerous energy source. Compared to nuclear power, these other types of energy are less dangerous than nuclear fission. 

If you’ve ever driven by a factory or power plant and seen smoke coming out of the top, you’ve seen firsthand how fossil fuels contribute to pollution. Burning fossil fuels is the only way to get the energy they hold, but this releases smoke and other pollutants into the air. 

One of the biggest problems with fossil fuels is that they are a significant source of greenhouse gases. Compared to other fossil fuels, coal is the most harmful to the environment because it produces more harmful byproducts when burned. 

Deep in the earth, fossil fuels take millions of years to form, and we can’t just sit around and do nothing while we wait for new coal to form. We will run out of fossil fuels to use as fuel if we keep using them at the same rate and don’t switch to using other types of energy. 


Even though the global movement toward a more sustainable society is still in its early stages, Biogas can help with this change as we move toward a future with less reliance on fossil fuels, more renewable energy sources, and less carbon dioxide in the air. The demand for energy on our planet is constantly rising, and it has never been higher. Even so, the global movement toward a more sustainable society is still in its early stages. 

Biogas is a gas made from decomposing organic matter in liquid natural gas. It can be used in several ways, and all of them may benefit from it. It is also an excellent way to eliminate liquid waste you want to avoid keeping around. It makes vital, clean energy and doesn’t pollute the air or groundwater. It can also be used as a fuel to power electrical generators, which is good for the environment. 

Biogas is a type of renewable fuel that comes from the breakdown of organic materials like leftover food and animal manure. Look into how Biogas is made and how it can power our cars, heat our homes, and give us energy. 

Even though it contains less methane than natural gas, it is still a reliable energy source. Methane is a gas made when organic matter breaks down without oxygen. 

Biogas is also called “renewable natural gas.” “Renewable” comes from the fact that people and animals will always make waste. But we don’t want to encourage people to make more trash just so that they can make more Biogas. 

Even though Biogas is made from waste from animals and food, most people don’t think of it as “clean” or “green” in the way that these words are usually used. 

Biogas has the potential to explode and is also very dangerous and easy to catch on fire. Biogas is made and used in ways that release harmful chemicals and air pollutants into the environment. This happens through combustion processes and diffuse emissions. These compounds and contaminants could hurt the health of people. It can also be used in natural gas heaters. 

Pollutants are put into the air when gas made from manure is burned, just like fossil fuels. Even worse, the industrial farms that make biomethane are known to put dangerous pollutants into the air and dump nitrates into the groundwater. 

Even though it’s better to keep methane from getting into the air and instead capture and use it, burning it still affects the climate. 

Natural Gas is Not Renewable

Natural gas is one of the most important energy sources that power our homes and businesses. Even though natural gas is one of the most critical energy sources, it has some issues. 

Small plants and animals that lived in the water but died and sank to the ocean floor between 300 and 400 million years ago are the sources of natural gas. Natural gas can be used as a fuel source for a wide range of heating tasks, as well as those in industry and with machines. 

On the other hand, there is a limit to how much natural gas can be taken out of the ground. Because the resource in question doesn’t have this essential trait, it can’t be said to be renewable. Natural gas is a nonrenewable resource, just like coal and oil, because it comes from a source that will run out and can’t be replaced. Because of this, natural gas is thought of as a limited resource. 

From a scientific point of view, you could say that natural gas is renewable. Some parts of natural gas can be replaced, but others can’t. The renewable natural gas collected from thousands of feet below the surface of the Earth took millions of years to form and will take thousands of years to grow back. 

Most of the time, “biogas energy” refers to a gas often made when organic materials break down biologically without oxygen. Biogas is a type of biofuel from the second generation because it comes from the breakdown of once-living things.  

Biogas is mainly used for heating and cooling. Still, this renewable resource can also be used in many other good ways for the environment and the economy, like making electricity or improving natural gas quality. 

Even though Biogas is now a better choice for the environment than natural gas, we should still consider it an essential transition fuel to completely eliminate carbon from our energy supply. 

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