How to Lease Land for a Solar Farm

May 22, 2023

As the world grapples with the urgent need to transition to cleaner energy sources, solar power has proven itself to be a leading alternative. This has opened up numerous opportunities in the renewable energy sector, one of which is the leasing of land for solar farms. This article will provide a comprehensive guide on how to lease your land for a solar farm, the benefits, the pitfalls to avoid, and how to maximize the potential of your property.

Understanding Solar Farms

Drone Point View of Solar and Thermal Panels

Night view of a beautiful house with solar panels.

A solar farm, also known as a solar park or photovoltaic power station, is a large-scale photovoltaic system designed for the supply of merchant power into the electricity grid. The rise in solar farms is driven by the declining cost of solar panels, technological advancements, and government incentives for renewable energy. Leasing land for a solar farm can provide landowners with a steady income stream, while also contributing to environmental sustainability.

Assessing Your Land for Solar Farm Leasing

Before leasing your land for a solar farm, you need to assess its suitability. There are several factors that determine whether a piece of land is suitable for a solar farm. 


Solar power is a clean, renewable energy source. It does not produce greenhouse gases or other harmful emissions, contributing to a healthier urban environment. Shifting to solar-powered city lights will significantly reduce the carbon footprint of cities, aiding in the fight against climate change. 

Size of the Land

Size matters when it comes to solar farms. A typical solar farm requires between 5 to 10 acres per megawatt (MW) of solar energy, depending on the type of solar technology used. 


Flat or gently sloping lands are ideal for solar farms as they minimize installation and maintenance costs. 

Soil Condition

Solar panels are typically installed on steel posts that are driven into the ground, so the soil condition needs to be suitable for this. Rocky or flood-prone areas may not be ideal. 

Proximity to Power Grid

The land should be near a power grid for easy connection and transmission of the generated electricity. 

Zoning and Permitting

Check the local zoning laws and permitting requirements. Some areas may have restrictions on the use of land for solar farms. 

Engaging with Solar Developers

After assessing the suitability of your land, the next step is to engage with solar developers. These are companies that specialize in building and operating solar farms. They will carry out further technical evaluations of your property, negotiate lease terms, handle permitting, construct the solar farm, and manage its operation. 

When engaging with solar developers, it’s essential to do your due diligence. Ask for references, check their track record, and ensure they have the financial capacity to undertake the project. A reputable solar developer should be transparent and willing to answer all your questions. 

Negotiating the Lease Agreement

Once you’ve identified a suitable solar developer, the next stage is to negotiate the lease agreement. This document will outline the terms and conditions of the lease, including the lease period (typically 15 to 25 years), rent payments, responsibilities of each party, and provisions for lease termination. 

It’s advisable to work with a lawyer experienced in renewable energy leases to ensure your interests are adequately protected. Considerations include ensuring the lease payments are fair and reflect market rates, there are provisions for rent increases, you’re not liable for any environmental issues that may arise, and you can regain use of your land once the lease ends or if the solar farm ceases operations. 

Benefits of Leasing Land for a Solar Farm

Steady Income Stream

Leasing land for a solar farm can provide you with a steady income stream over the lease period. The income from solar leases can often exceed what could be earned from traditional farming or other land uses. 

Low Impact

Solar farming is a relatively low impact compared to other forms of land use such as traditional farming or property development. It doesn’t degrade the soil and, at the end of the lease period, the land can easily be reverted back to its original state. 

Contribute to Environmental Sustainability

By leasing your land for a solar farm, you’re contributing to the generation of clean, renewable energy, helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and promoting environmental sustainability. 

Pitfalls to Avoid When Leasing Land for a Solar Farm

Despite the potential benefits, there are also pitfalls to avoid when leasing your land for a solar farm. 

Overestimating the Value of Your Land

While it’s important to negotiate a fair lease payment, overestimating the value of your land could discourage potential solar developers. The value of the land for solar farming is largely determined by its suitability for solar installation and its proximity to the power grid, rather than its market value for other uses. 

Inadequate Due Diligence

Failing to conduct adequate due diligence on the solar developer could lead to problems down the line. Ensure the developer has a solid track record, financial capacity, and a reputation for honoring lease agreements. 

Ignoring Legal Implications

Leasing land for a solar farm has legal implications. It’s important to work with a lawyer who understands renewable energy leases to ensure your interests are protected. 

Overlooking Long-Term Implications

Leasing your land for a solar farm is a long-term commitment, typically lasting 15 to 25 years. It’s important to consider the long-term implications and ensure the lease terms are flexible enough to accommodate changing circumstances. 

Maximizing the Potential of Your Land

If you’ve decided to lease your land for a solar farm, there are ways to maximize its potential. 

Dual-Use Solar Installations

Also known as agrivoltaics, this involves combining solar farming with traditional farming or grazing. Certain crops and livestock can thrive in the shade provided by solar panels, maximizing the use of the land. 

Community Solar Projects

Instead of leasing your land to a single solar developer, you could host a community solar project. This involves multiple community members investing in the solar farm and sharing in the profits. This can be more complex to set up but can bring greater benefits to the local community. 


Adding energy storage to a solar farm can increase its value. Energy storage allows excess solar power to be stored and used when the sun isn’t shining, increasing the reliability and profitability of the solar farm. 


In conclusion, leasing your land for a solar farm can be a rewarding endeavor, providing a steady income stream, contributing to environmental sustainability, and potentially benefiting your local community. However, it’s essential to assess the suitability of your land, conduct due diligence on potential solar developers, negotiate a fair and comprehensive lease agreement, and consider ways to maximize the potential of your land. By doing so, you can ensure the success of your solar farm venture. 



Solgen Power is a solar energy equipment company that sells and installs solar for homeowners. Solgen Power has been recognized by INC. 5000 as one of the fastest growing companies in the nation. Solgen Power has grown nationwide and continues to provide excellent customer service to homeowners.

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