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Solar Tax Breaks for Farmers

By: Eric Huesca, SEO Content Writer
May 25, 2023

In today’s ever-evolving world, renewable energy is becoming more vital than ever before. As one of the most dependable sources of renewable energy, solar power is receiving considerable attention, especially in the agricultural industry. Farmers are increasingly adopting solar power to reduce their carbon footprint and cut energy costs. However, one of the major challenges for farmers considering solar power is the initial installation cost. This is where solar tax breaks come into play. These incentives can significantly offset the cost of solar power systems, making them a financially viable option for farmers.

A researcher in an orchard uses a tablet to record the growth of oranges

A researcher in an orchard uses a tablet to record the growth of oranges.

The Value of Solar Energy in Agriculture

Farmers around the world are finding it more challenging to maintain their profitability due to escalating energy costs, unpredictable weather patterns, and increasing demands for sustainable practices. Solar energy addresses these concerns effectively. By installing solar panels, farmers can generate their own electricity, reducing their reliance on the grid and insulating them from fluctuating energy prices. 

Moreover, solar energy is a clean, renewable source of power that doesn’t contribute to greenhouse gas emissions, aiding farmers in meeting sustainability goals. Solar panels require minimal maintenance and can last for 25-30 years, making them a long-term, cost-effective solution for energy needs. 

The Power of Solar Tax Breaks

Solar tax breaks are incentives offered by the federal government, state governments, and certain utility companies to make solar power more affordable. These incentives can come in the form of tax credits, grants, or rebates and can significantly reduce the initial cost of installing a solar power system. 

Federal Solar Investment Tax Credit (ITC)

The federal government offers a substantial tax incentive called the Solar Investment Tax Credit (ITC). As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, the ITC allows farmers to deduct 26% of the cost of installing a solar power system from their federal taxes. This percentage was set to decrease to 22% in 2023, and by 2024, it was planned to be a permanent 10% for commercial installations. However, the exact current percentage would be best verified with a tax professional or through the IRS website, as the rates are subject to legislative changes. 

To be eligible for the ITC, the solar power system must be installed on property associated with the farmer’s business. The farmer must also own the system – leases or power purchase agreements (PPAs) do not qualify. 

USDA Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Grants

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) offers the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP), which provides grants and loan guarantees to agricultural producers and rural small businesses for renewable energy systems or to make energy efficiency improvements. 

REAP grants can cover up to 25% of the total project costs, with a maximum grant of $500,000 for renewable energy systems. It’s worth noting that this program is competitive, and not all applicants will receive funding. The USDA prioritizes applications based on factors like the project’s potential for energy savings and the financial need of the applicant. 

State and Local Incentives

In addition to federal incentives, many states offer their own solar tax breaks. These incentives vary widely from state to state and can include income tax credits, property tax exemptions, sales tax exemptions, and cash rebates. 

Several states also have net metering policies in place. Net metering allows farmers to sell excess electricity generated by their solar power system back to the grid, further offsetting the cost of the system. 

Accelerated Depreciation through MACRS

Farmers and businesses can also take advantage of the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS), a method of depreciation in which a business’s investments in certain tangible property are recovered, for tax purposes, over a specified time period through annual deductions. Qualifying solar energy equipment is eligible for a cost recovery period of five years. 

The MACRS allows farmers to deduct a substantial portion of their solar system cost in the first year, accelerating the payback period. For farmers, this benefit can be combined with the federal tax credit and REAP grants, leading to significant cost savings. 

Making the Transition

Before making the leap to solar energy, there are several factors that farmers should consider. Firstly, they should assess their energy needs and determine whether they have suitable space for the installation of solar panels. Working with a reputable solar installer can help farmers accurately assess their needs and design a system that will provide the most benefit. 

Secondly, farmers need to understand all the costs involved, including installation, maintenance, and any potential upgrades to the existing electrical infrastructure. A detailed financial analysis will help farmers determine whether the investment in solar power will be cost-effective in the long run. 

Lastly, farmers should familiarize themselves with the various solar tax breaks and incentives available to them. Consulting with a tax professional or a financial advisor experienced in renewable energy projects can help farmers maximize their savings and navigate the application process for various programs. 


With growing awareness about environmental sustainability and the advancement in solar technology, more and more farmers are exploring solar power as a viable energy solution. Solar tax breaks and incentives make it even more attractive for farmers to transition to this renewable energy source. 

The initial investment in solar power can be substantial, but these costs can be significantly offset by taking advantage of solar tax breaks. Whether it’s the federal Solar Investment Tax Credit, USDA REAP grants, state and local incentives, or accelerated depreciation through MACRS, these incentives make solar power a financially feasible option for farmers. 

As we move towards a greener future, harnessing the power of the sun is not just a step towards sustainability, but also an investment in a stable, cost-effective energy solution. The benefits of solar energy, coupled with the availability of solar tax breaks, make this the perfect time for farmers to consider going solar. 

Remember, the specifics of any tax break or incentive can change over time and may vary based on individual circumstances, so it’s always a good idea to consult with a tax professional or financial advisor before making any decisions. However, with the right planning and preparation, the transition to solar power can be a wise and rewarding decision for farmers. 

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